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Rules for Active and Passive Voice with Examples

To learn active and passive voice, it is very easy to learn if we get its proper concept. To get concept, we must follow the rules associated to active and passive voice. Therefore, in this topic we will learn all the rules associated to the every part for Active and Passive Voice with Examples.

Remember, the active voice sentence (any tense sentence) is converted into passive voice sentence that is a resultant sentence.

Rules for Active and Passive Voice with Examples

We will learn the rules for subject, helping verb, verb, and object. Furthermore, how the changes occur for every part, let us learn with rules.

1. Active and Passive Voice Rules for Subject

The first rule refers the change of subject which states that the subject of a active voice sentence converted to object form (Passive Voice).

Example (Rules for Active and Passive Voice with Examples)

He writes a very funny dialogue. (Active Voice)

A very funny dialogue is written by him. (Passive Voice)

He to him

Note: If the subject is name, it will change the place only.

2. Active and Passive Voice Rules for Object

Here, the object of active voice will be the subject in passive voice sentence by adopting the subjective form.

Example (Rules for Active and Passive Voice with Examples)

He cares about her. (Active Voice)

She is cared about by him. (Passive Voice)

Her to she

3. Active and Passive Voice Rules for Helping Verb

As we know that only eight tenses can be converted into passive voice. Among eight tenses, the six tenses their helping verbs. So, let us learn how they will change.

Rules for Active and Passive Voice with Examples

Will, shall → will be, shall be

He will write a funny dialogue. (Active Voice)

A funny dialogue will be written by him. (Passive Voice)

Note: The above rules are followed in future indefinite tense.

Is, are, am → is being, are being, am being

(a) He is writing a funny dialogue. (Active Voice)

A funny dialogue is being written by him. (Passive Voice)

(b) They are writing the funny dialogues. (Active Voice)

The funny dialogue are being written by him. (Passive Voice)

(c) He is writing the funny dialogue to me. (Active Voice)

I am being written a funny dialogue by him. (Passive Voice)

Note: The above rules are followed in present continuous tense.

was, were → was being, were being

(a) He was writing the funny dialogues. (Active Voice)

A funny dialogue was being written by him. (Passive Voice)

(b) They were writing the funny dialogues. (Active Voice)

The funny dialogue were being written by them. (Passive Voice)

Note: All above rules are followed in present and past continuous tenses.

Has, have → has been, have been

(a) He has written a funny dialogue. (Active Voice)

A funny dialogue has been written by him. (Passive Voice)

(b) You have written the funny dialogues. (Active Voice)

The funny dialogue have been written by him. (Passive Voice)

Note: The above rules are followed in present and pas perfect tenses.

Will have, shall have → will have been, shall have been

(a) He will have written a funny dialogue. (Active Voice)

A funny dialogue will have been written by him. (Passive Voice)

(b) I shall have written a funny dialogue to us. (Active Voice)

We shall have been written a funny story by me. (Passive Voice)

Note: The above rules are followed in future perfect tense.

4. Active and Passive Voice Rules for First Form Verb

As we know that in present indefinite tense, no helping verb is used. So, when the first form of the verb “is used, is, are, and am” are used as helping verb in passive voice sentences.

Examples (Rules for Active and Passive Voice with Examples)

(a) He writes a very funny dialogue. (Active Voice)

A very funny dialogue is written by him. (Passive Voice)

(b) You write to me. (Active Voice)

I am written by you. (Passive Voice)

(c) They write very funny dialogues. (Active Voice)

Very funny dialogues are written by him. (Passive Voice)

Note: The above rule is followed in present indefinite tense. Remember, when subject is singular, use ‘is’ as helping verb. When the subject is plural, use ‘are’ as helping verb whereas ‘am’ will acted as helping verb when subject is ‘I’.

5. Active and Passive Voice Rules for Second Form Verb

As we know that in past indefinite tense, no helping verb is used. So, when the second form of the verb “is used, was and were” are used as helping verb in passive voice sentences.

Rules for Active and Passive Voice with Examples

(a) He wrote a very funny dialogue. (Active Voice)

A very funny dialogue was written by him. (Passive Voice)

(b) They wrote very funny dialogues. (Active Voice)

Very funny dialogues were written by him. (Passive Voice)

6. Active and Passive Voice Rules for Verb

Its very simple to learn the rule for verb. Whichever the form is in active voice, just convert it to the third form of the verb.

If an active voice sentence already have 3rd form, leave it unchanged by following other rules read earlier in this article.

In continuous sentence/tense categories, use ‘being’ between helping verb and verb (3rd form). (see in Rule 3)

7. Active and Passive Voice Rules for “by”

The part ‘by’ is very important to learn because it reflects the passive voice sentence. We use ‘by’ just before the object in passive voice sentence.

Example (Rules for Active and Passive Voice with Examples)

They wrote very funny dialogues. (Active Voice)

Very funny dialogues were written by him. (Passive Voice)

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