English Tense Formulas-List of All Tenses Formulas

Formula Of Present Indefinite Tense

To learn English Tenses, it is very important to get conceptual studies. To get concepts, the learners must learn its tenses formula because learning formulas give wide gate to understand tenses rather than understanding it by heart. Let us get English Tenses formulas by tenses one by one.

Formula of Present Indefinite Tense

Subject + First form of verb + Object (General)

OR

S + 1V + O

Do/Does + S + 1V + O + ? (Interrogative)

S + Do/Does + not + 1V + O (Negative)

Do/Does + S + not + 1V + O + ? (Interro-negative)

To learn present indefinite tense completely, click here.

Formula Of Past Indefinite Tense

Subject + Second form of verb + Object (General)

OR

S + IIV + O

Did + S + 1V + O + ? (Interrogative)

S + Did + not + 1V + O (Negative)

Did + S + not + 1V + O + ? (Interro-negative)

To learn past indefinite tense completely, click here.

Formula Of Future Indefinite Tense

Subject + will/shall + First form of verb + Object (General)

S + will/shall + 1V + O

Will/Shall + S + 1V + O + ? (Interrogative)

S + will/shall + not + 1V + O (Negative)

Will/Shall + S + not + 1V + O + ? (Interro-negative)

To learn future indefinite tense completely, click here.

Formula of Present Continuous Tense

Subject + is/are/am + First form of verb with ‘ing’ + Object (General)

OR

S + is/are/am + 1V with ‘ing’ + O

S + is/are/am +not+ 1V with ‘ing’ + O (Negative)

Is/Are/Am + S + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + ? (Interrogative)

Is/Are/Am + S + not + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + ? (Interro-negative)

To learn present continuous tense completely, click here.

Formula of Past Continuous Tense

Subject + was/were + First form of verb with ‘ing’ + Object (General)

OR

S + was/were + 1V with ‘ing’ + O

S + was/were +not+ 1V with ‘ing’ + O (Negative)

Was/Were + S + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + ? (Interrogative)

Was/Were + S + not + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + ? (Interro-negative)

To learn past continuous tense completely, click here.

Formula of Future Continuous Tense

Subject + will/shall + be + First form of verb with ‘ing’ + Object (General)

OR

S + will/shall + be + 1V with ‘ing’ + O

S + will/shall + not + be + 1V with ‘ing’ + O (Negative)

Will/Shall + S + be + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + ? (Interrogative)

Will/Shall + S + not + be + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + ? (Interro-negative)

To learn future continuous tense completely, click here.

Formula of Present Perfect Tense

Subject + has/have + 3rd form of verb + Object (General)

OR

S + has/have + IIIV + O

S + has/have + not + 3V + O (Negative)

Has/Have + S + 3V + O (Interrogative)

Has/Have + S + not + 3V + O (Interro-negative)

To learn present perfect tense completely, click here.

Formula of Past Perfect Tense

Subject + had + 3rd form of verb + Object (General)

OR

S + had + IIIV + O

S + had + not + 3V + O (Negative)

Had + S + 3V + O (Interrogative)

Had + S + not + 3V + O (Interro-negative)

To learn past perfect tense completely, click here.

Formula of Future Perfect Tense

Subject + will/shall + have + 3rd form of verb + Object (General)

OR

S + will/shall + have + 3V + O

S + will/shall + not + have + 3V + O (Negative)

Will/Shall + S + have + 3V + O (Interrogative)

Will/Shall + S + not + have + 3V + O (Interro-negative)

To learn future perfect tense completely, click here.

Formula of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + has/have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + Object

OR

S + has/have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O

S + has/have + not + have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O (Negative)

Had + s + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O +? (Interrogative)

Has/Have + s + not + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O +? (Interro-negative)

When Time is Mentioned

S + has/have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + since + ….

S + has/have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + for + ….

To learn present perfect continuous tense completely, click here.

Formula of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + had + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + Object

OR

S + had + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O

S + had + not + have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O (Negative)

Had + s + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O +? (Interrogative)

Had + s + not + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O +? (Interro-negative)

When Time is Mentioned

S + had + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + since + ….

S + had + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + for + ….

To learn past perfect continuous tense completely, click here.

Formula of Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + Will/shall + have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + Object

OR

S + Will/shall + have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O

S + Will/shall + not + have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O (Negative)

Will/Shall + s + have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O (Negative)

Will/Shall + s + not + have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O +?(Interro-negative)

When Time is Mentioned

S + Will/shall + have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + since + ……

S + Will/shall + have + been + 1V with ‘ing’ + O + for + …..

To learn future perfect continuous tense completely, click here.

What are the types of tenses?

There are four categories in English Tenses: Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect, and Perfect Continuous. Moreover, every category has further three types: Present, Past and Future.

What are the tenses rule for the present tense?

Actually, the present tense refers the completion of a task or an action in a specific time period. There are some other important rules for present tense such as use of 1st form of verb is used in present indefinite tense.

What is meant by V1 V2 V3?

In English Tenses, ‘v’ stands for ‘verb’ whereas v1, v2, and v3 means first form, 2nd form, and 3rd form of verb respectively.

What is v4?

V4 can also be written and termed as 1st form of verb with ‘ing’. For Example;
Go + ing= going

Key Points The Topic Related To:

Tenses

Verb Tenses

Past Tenses

Present Tenses

Reading Past Tense

English Tenses

Simple Present Tense

Simple Past Tense

Future Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense Examples

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