Change of Imperative Sentences to Indirect Speech

So, Learn Change of Imperative Sentences to Indirect Speech followed by definitions, rules, tricks, examples, and exercise. 

How do we change imperative sentences to indirect speech?

Imperative Sentences

The sentences which are consisted of order, request, advice, or prohibition, called Imperative Sentences. Remember, there is no subject in these types of sentences.

Sentence Examples

The teacher said, “Bring the glass of water.”

Aamir said to me, “Please give me a pen.”

He said to Babar, “Say your prayers.”

I said, “Do not tell a lie.”

Changes

Change ‘said to’ according to reporting speech. It means:

If the order is given in the sentence, change ‘said to’ to ‘order’.

If request is made then change (said to) to requested.

If there is an advice is made, change to advised.

Finaly, change ‘said to’ to forbade if anything is prohibited.

Replace comma with ‘to’ and place first form of the verb very after ‘to’. Remove the words like please, kindly, etc.

In negative sentences, change ‘do not’ to ‘to not’.

Examples (Ordered)    Imperative Sentences to Indirect Speech

He said to me, “Write a letter right  and check me.”(Dir)

He said to me, “Write a letter and check.”(Dir)

So, changes will be as:

said to⇒ ordered

commas ⇒ to

me⇒

Write⇒ Write

check⇒ check (to)

He ordered me to write a letter and check him. (Ind)

Examples (Requested)

Shahzad said to the teacher, “Give me a leave for tomorrow.”(Dir)

said to⇒ requested

Commas ⇒ to

me ⇒ him

Change tomorrow ⇒ the next day

Shahzad requested the teacher to give him leave for the next day. (Ind)

Examples (Advised) Imperative Sentences to Indirect Speech

The old man said to us, “Drink the water in three breaths.”(Dir)

The old man said to us, “Drink the water in three breaths.”(Dir)

said to⇒ advised

Commas ⇒ to

Finally,

The old man advised us to drink water in three breaths. (Ind)

Examples (Forbade)

Aslam said to them, “Do not throw garbage in the streets.”(Dir)

Aslam said to them, “Do not throw garbage in the streets.”(Dir)

Now, 

said to forbade

Do not⇒ not to

Aslam forbade them not to throw garbage in the streets. (Ind)

Use of Let

In indirect speech, we make the use of let for two types of sentences for:

  • Proposal
  • Permission

For Proposal: Said to/ said will be changed to proposed/suggested. The commas will be replaced with “that”. Furthermore, add “should” after the subject of reported speech. 

Secondly, change “us” with the subject of reporting speech because “us” is the first person and remember, after changing “us” the resultant must be in the subjective case.

Example No. 1

He said to them, “Let us clean the floor.”(Dir)

He said to them, “Let us clean the floor.”(Dir)

Now, applying changes:

said to⇒ proposed/suggested

Commas⇒ that

Let  ⇒ should

us ⇒ they(subjective case)

He proposed them they should clean the floor. (Ind)

Example No. 2

She said, “Let us play cricket.”(Dir)

She said, “Let us play cricket.”(Dir)

said to⇒ proposed/suggested

Commas⇒ that

Let   should

us ⇒ they(subjective case)

She proposed that they should play cricket. (Ind)

For Permission: “said to / said will be changed to requested and commas will be replaced with “to”.

Example No.3

He said, “Let me go home.”(Dir)

Firstly,

He said, “Let me go home.”(Dir)

said⇒ requested

Commas⇒ to

me ⇒ him

He requested to let him go home. (Ind)

Example No. 4

They said to us, “Let them lend some money.”(Dir)

Firstly,

They said to us, “Let them lend some money.”(Dir)

said⇒ requested

Commas⇒ to

them⇒ third person no change

They requested to let them lend some money. (Ind)

Most Importantly, you should also learn: 

Introduction to Direct Indirect Speech and Basic Changes

Subjective Pronoun Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech

Objective Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech

Possessive Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech

Changes In Tense in Indirect Speech

Change of Assertive Sentences to Indirect Speech

Change of Interrogative Sentences to Indirect Speech

Exclamatory Sentences to Indirect Speech

Changing Optative Sentences to Indirect Speech

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