Subjective Pronoun Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech

Learn Subjective Pronoun Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech by definitions, formulas, rules, tricks, examples, and exercise. You will also learn:

  • Rules for Change in Pronoun In Indirect Speech
  • Changes of Pronouns in Reported Speech: Rules & Examples
  • How do you change direct and indirect speech pronouns?

Change of Persons of Pronoun:

Subjective Case:                              

Now we will learn to change the person of the pronoun which is a very necessary and important change that we have to make anyway. Whatever the tense is. We have to learn this first that what are the persons of pronouns with their types or cases. By learning pronouns, we can learn repective changes.

Before we proceed, we shall have to learn what are pronouns and persons of pronouns or the types of pronouns.

Case/ Types1st Persons2nd Person3rd Persons
SubjectiveIWeYouHeSheTheyIt
Possessive (S)MyOurYourHisHerTheirIt
Possessive (P)MineOursYoursHersTheirsIts
ObjectiveMeUsYouHimHerThemIt

Possessive (S)=Possessive Singular

Possessive (P)=Possessive Plural

Rule One

If the subject of ‘reported speech’ is first person, it changes with the subject of ‘reporting speech’.

First Person of Reported Speech → Subject of Reporting Speech

For Example:

(R.ing Speech)      (R.ted Speech)

He said to me,      I am …………
↓                           ↓
Subject          First Person

Now the answer will be as:
He told me that he was…….

More Example:

(R.ing Speech)      (R.ted Speech)
You                           I am listening…
↓                             
subject             First Person
Now the answer will be as:
You told me that you were listening….

Rule of First Person (We)

If the subject of ‘reported speech’ is first person, it changes with the subject of ‘reporting speech’. But remember, if the subject of reported speech is ‘we’, change everytime it with ‘they’.

If the subject of reported speech is “We” and whatever the subject reporting speech has, just change it to they in reported speech except “you”.

For Example:

(R.ing Speech)             (R.ted Speech)

He said,                        “We are friends.”

He→Subject
We→  First Person

He told me that they were friends.

The reason behind changing “He” to “They” is that “We” is plural whereas “He” is singular so to make the balance of plural, we changed “He to They”.

Example:

You said,     “We are writing….  (Dir.)

                       ↓

You told that you are writing…. (Ind.)

In the above example, both “We” and “you” are plural so the balance of plural is there. Therefore, you will be changed with “We” to give “you”

Role No. 2

Rule of 2nd Person(You)

As we know that ‘You’ is only the second person. So, if the subject of the reported speech is ‘You’, it will be changed with the object of reporting speech.

Remember, if reporting speech has no object, just suppose ‘me’ or ‘him’ as an object and then make a change.

Example:

He said to me,  “You are a good friend.”(Dir.)

                          ↓

He told me that  I am……….(Ind.)

Note: If there is no object in reporting speech, we can consider “him” or “me”.

Example:

He said You are……….(Dir.)

                    ↓

He told that he was (Ind.)

or

He told that I was…. (Ind.)

We shall also change the helping verb according to the newly changed subject of reported speech. Look above example for understanding.

Rule No.3

“Rule of the Third Person for Subjective Pronoun Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech”

[He, She, It They, Name(s)]

If the subject of reported speech is ‘3rd person’ then it will remain unchanged but change of pronouns will be made.

Example:

You said,   “They are lawyers. (Dir.)

                    ↓
You told that they were lawyers. (Ind.)   

Example:

You say,     “He is topper.”.(Dir.)

                  ↓
You tell that he is topper. (Ind.)   

Example:

They told,    “Ali is a good boy”.(Dir.)

                     ↓
They told that Ali was a good boy. (Ind.)   

Most Importantly, you should also learn: 

Introduction to Direct Indirect Speech and Basic Changes

Changes In Tense in Indirect Speech

Objective Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech

Possessive Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech

Change of Interrogative Sentences to Indirect Speech

Changing Optative Sentences to Indirect Speech

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