Past Perfect Tense | How to Learn with Formulas Examples

Learn Past Perfect Tense with concepts followed by the definitions, formulas, negative sentences, interrogative and interro-negative sentences. This article will be undergone Past Perfect Tense: How to Learn with Formulas Example.

Past Perfect Tense: How to Learn with Formulas Examples

STEP – I

Past = Passed

Perfect = Complete

Tense =  Time

Present Perfect Tense =Passed the time completely

STEP – II

Definition of Past Perfect Tense

In this tense anything is done, happened or borne in past complete aspects. Moreover, any work which was started in past and completed in past time.                                                                                                 

Recognition of Past Perfect Tense in English

S +had+ 3rd form of Verb + O

Subject

Verb

Object

The function in any sentence is called action, and the time when the work is done is called action, whereas the work on which it is done is called object.

They had done their duty.

In this sentence, ‘they’ is doing its duty. So, ‘they’ will be the subject. The work is being done on ‘duty’, so, it is ‘an object’. Whereas, ‘done’ is a form of verb, called tense/verb.

First of all, the subject is placed at the start of the sentence then 3rd form of the verb followed by “had” and the object at the end with a full stop.

Examples* 3V=3rd form of verb

Whatever the subject is, ‘had’ will be act as helping verb.

S    + had+ 3V  +        O

Shad3VO
Hehadeatenbread.

S  +  had  + 3V  +  O

Shad3VO
TheyhadPlayed cricket.

S + has  +  3V  +  O

Shad3VO
Ali and HamzahadWrittenhomework.

STEP – III

Recognizing the Tense

We can recognize this sentence by finding ‘had’ right after subject.          

Exercise

Shad3VO
    
Wehadplayed cricket.

We  had played cricket.         

Shad3VO
    
Youhaddrivena car.

You had driven a car.

STEP – IV

Negative Sentences of Past Perfect Tense

To make a sentence negative, place “ not” right after had. Let us formulate it.

S +  had  + not +3V  + O

Shadnot3VO
     
Hehadnotgoneschool

He had not gone school.

Shadnot3VO
     
Theyhadnotdonehomework.

They had not done homework.

STEP -V

Interrogative Sentence

To make a sentence interrogative, place “had” right before the subject or at the start of the sentence. Let us formulate it.

Had  + S  + 3V  + O + ?

HadS3VO?
    
Hadhegoneschool?

Had he gone to school?

HadS3VO?
    
Hadtheydonehomework?

Had they done homework?

STEP -VI

Interro-Negative Sentences

To make a sentence interro-negative, add “ had” right before the subject of a negative sentence and put sign of interrogation at the end. Let us formulate it.

S +had  +3V  + O (Simple)

S + had+ not +3V  + O (-ve)

Now Interronegative Sentence will be as:

Had + S+not +3V  + O? 

Hadnot3VO?
     
Hadyounotgone abroad?

Had you not gone abroad?

HadSnot3VO?
     
Hadtheynotdonehomework?

Had they not done homework?

You may also learn

Present Perfect Tense

Future Perfect Tense

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