Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech: Rules Exercises

 Learn Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech by definitions, examples, formulas, rules, tricks, and exercises. Read Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech: Rules Exercises completely to learn perfectly.

Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech: Rules Exercises

Changes of Persons of Pronoun

Subjective Pronoun     

Now we shall change the persons of pronouns which is key to learn whether the tense is.

Rule No.1 for  Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech:

First Person of Reported Speech → Subject of Reporting Speech

For Example:

(R.ing Speech)                (R.ted Speech)

He said to me,       I am …………
↓                           
Subject          First Person
Now the answer will be as:
He told me that he was…….

More Example:(R.ing Speech)      (R.ted Speech)
You                           I am listening…
↓                             
subject             First Person
Now the answer will be as:
You told me that you were listening…

Rule of First Person (We)

If the subject of reported speech is “We” and whatever the subject reporting speech has, just change it to they in reported speech except “you”.

For Example

(R.ing Speech)             (R.ted Speech)

He said,                        “We are friends.”

HeSubject                       
We→  First Person 

He told me that they were friends.

The reason behind changing “He” to “They” is that “We” is plural whereas “He” is singular so to make the balance of plural, we changed “He to They”.

Example:

You said,     “We are writing….  (Dir.)

                     ↓

You told that you are writing….(Ind.)

In the above example, both “We” and “you” are plural so the balance of plural is there. Therefore, you will be changed with “We” to give “you”.

Rule 2

Rule of Second Person (You)

The second person ‘you’ from reported speech will be changed with the ‘object’ of reporting speech. If there is no ‘object’ in reporting speech, consider ‘me/him’ as object and make changes accordingly.

Don forget to change the objective form to subjective form while changing.

Role No. 2 for Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech

Rule of 2nd Person(You)

As we know that ‘You’ is only the second person. So, if the subject of the reported speech is ‘You’, it will be changed with the object of reporting speech.

Remember, if reporting speech has no object, just suppose ‘me’ or ‘him’ as object and then make a change.

Example:

He said to me,  “You are a good friend.”(Dir.)

                          ↓

He told me that  I am……….(Ind.)

Note: If there is no object in reporting speech, we can consider “him” or “me”.

Example:

He said,       You are……….(Dir.)

                    ↓

He told that he was (Ind.)

or

He told that I was…. (Ind.)

We shall also change the helping verb according to the newly changed subject of reported speech. Look above example for understanding.

Rule No.3 for Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech

Rule of Third Person 

[He,She,It They, Name(s)]

If the subject of reported speech is ‘3rd person’ then it will remain unchanged but the change of pronouns will be made.

Example:

You said,   “They are lawyers. (Dir.)

                    ↓
You told that they were lawyers. (Ind.)   

Example:

You say,     “He is the topper.”.(Dir.)

                  ↓
You tell that he is the topper. (Ind.)   

Example:

They told,    “Ali is a good boy”.(Dir.)

                     ↓
They told that Ali was a good boy. (Ind.)   

Objective Pronoun Changes Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech

All the changes will be made as we did on the rules previously. The first person will be changed with the subject of reporting speech whereas the second person with the object of reporting speech but all changes will be transformed into objective cases.

Objective Pronoun Change Pronouns for Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech:

Objective Pronouns:

me, us, you, him, her, them, it

me, us

Example(me):

You said to me, “It is best for me.”

You said to me, “It is best for me.”

                                           ↓

You told me that it… best for you.”

Example(me):

He said to me, “It is best for me.”

He said to me, “It is best for me.”

He told me that it… best for him.”

Example(me):

She said to me, “You are praying for me.”

She said to me, “It is best for me.”

                                           ↓

She told me that it…best for her.”

Example(me):

They said to us, “They are praying for me.”

They said to us, “They are praying for me.”

They told us that they…praying for them.”

Example(us):

You said to me, “It is best for us.”

You said to me, “It is best for us.”

                                           ↓

You told me that it… best for you.”

Example(us):

I said to them,  “It is best for us.”

I said to them, “It is best for  us.”

                                           ↓

I told them that it….. best for us/them.”

Objective Second Person

you

Example(you):

I said to them,  “It is best for you.”

I said to them, “It is best for  you.”

                                           ↓

I told them that it….. best for them.”

Example(you):

I said to her,  “It is best for you.”

I said to her, “It is best for  you.”

                                        ↓

I told her that it….. best for her.”

Example(you):

I said to him,  “It is best for you.”

I said to him, “It is best for  you.”

                                         ↓

I told her that it….. best for him.”

Objective Third Person

him, her, them, it

no change

Example(him):

I said,  “It is best for him.”

I said, “It is best for  him.”

                                 ↓

I said that it…best for him.”

Example(her):

I said,  “It is best for her.”

I said, “It is best for  her.”

                                ↓

I said that it.. best for her.”

Example(them):

I said,  “It is best for them.”

I said, “It is best for  them.”

I said that it.. best for them.”

“Them” is a third-person → No change

Example(her):

He said,           “I love it.”

                               ↓

He told that  he loved it.”

Possessive Pronoun Changes                                        

The Objective Pronouns Changes are of two types.

1. Possessive Pronoun (Singular) Change

2. Possessive Pronoun (Plural) Change

1. Possessive Pronoun (Singular) Change for Pronouns Changes in Direct and Indirect Speech:

Singular Possessive Pronouns:

My, our, your, his, her, their, it

Possessive First Person

my, our

If there are Possessive Pronouns Singular in reported speech, it will change with the subject of reporting a speech by changing it into the Possessive Singular Case.

Example(my):

Reporting Speech            Reported Speech

He said to me, “It is my bat.”

He said to me, “It is my bat.”

                            ↓

He told me that it… his bat.”

Example(my):

Reporting Speech            Reported Speech

You said to me, “It is my bat.”

You said to me, “It is my bat.”

                             ↓

He told me that it… your bat.”

Example(my):

Reporting Speech            Reported Speech

She said to me, “It is my bat.”

She said to me,    “It is my bat.”

                                  ↓

She told me that it was her bat.


Example(our):

She said to me, “It is our bat.”

She said to me,      “It is our bat.”

                                   ↓

She told me that it was their bat.

If we have ‘our’ in reported speech, it will be changed as ‘their’ because ‘our’ represents plural pronoun. Same will be the case with ‘his’ to ‘we’ and the answer will be ‘their’.

Example(our):

Reporting Speech            Reported Speech

He said to me, “It is our bat.”

He said to me, “It is our bat.”

                              ↓

He told me that it… their bat.”

Example(our):

Reporting Speech            Reported Speech

You said to me, “It is our bat.”

You said to me,    “It is our bat.”

                                   ↓

You told me that it was your bat.

Possessive Pronoun 2nd Person Singular

Your

The second person in possessive form (reported speech) will be changed with the object of reporting speech.

Example(your):

He said to me, “It is your bat.”

He said to me, “It is your bat.”

                             ↓

He told me that it… my bat.”

Example(your):

He said to us, “It is your bat.”
He said to us, “It is your bat.”
                             ↓

He told us that it… our bat.”

Example(your):

He said to him, “It is your bat.”
He said to him, “It is your bat.”
                              ↓

He told us that it…… his bat.”

Example(your):

He said to her, “It is your bat.”
He said to her, “It is your bat.”
                             ↓

He told us that it…. her bat.”

Example(your):

Reporting Speech            Reported Speech
He said to them, “It is your bat.”
He said to them, “It is your bat.”
                                ↓

He told them that it…. their bat.”

Possessive Singular Third Person

(his, her, their, its, names)
We cannot change third person in which form they are.

Example(his):

He said to them, “It is his bat.”
He said to them, “It is his bat.”
                               ↓

He told them that it…. his bat.”

Example(her):

He said to them, “It is her bat.”
He said to them, “It is her bat.”
                                ↓

He told them that it…. her bat.”

Example (their):

Reporting Speech            Reported Speech
He said to them, “It is their bat.”
He said to them, “It is their bat.”
                                ↓

He told them that it…. their bat.”

Example(its):

Reporting Speech            Reported Speech
He said to them, “It is its beak.”
He said to them, “It is its beak.”
                              ↓

He told them that it…. its bat.”

Example(name):

He said to them, “It is Ali’s bat.”
He said to them,   “It is Ali’s bat.”
                                   ↓

He told them that it… Ali’s bat.”

2. Possessive Pronoun (Plural) Change:

Plural Possessive Pronouns:

Mine, ours, yours, hers, theirs,its

no possessive pronoun for he

Possessive Plural First Person

mine, ours

Example(mine):

Reporting Speech            Reported Speech

He said to me, “It is mine.”

She said to me,   “It is mine.”

                                  ↓

She told me that it ۔۔۔ hers. 

Example(mine):

You said to me, “It is mine

You said to me, “It is mine.”

                               ↓

You told me it …….. yours.

Example(mine):

Amina said to them, “It is 

Amina said to me, “It is mine.”

                                      ↓

Amina told me it………….hers.

Example(ours):

She said to me, “It is 

She said to me, “It is ours.”

                                  ↓

She told me that it….. hers.

Example(ours):

He said to me, “It is 

He said to me, “It is ours.”

                                ↓

He told me that it….theirs.

We place ‘their’ because ‘our’ is plural and ‘he’ is singular so, to make ‘he’ plural, ‘their’ will be written that is our final change.

Possessive Plural Second Person

Yours

The possessive plural pronoun from reported speech will be changed with the object of reporting speech.

Example(yours):

He said to me, “It is yours.”

He said to me, “It is yours

                              ↓

He told me that it… mine.”

Example(yours):

He said to us, “It is yours.”
He said to us, “It is yours.”
                             ↓

He told us that it… ours.”

Example(yours):

He said to her, “It is yours.”
He said to her, “It is yours.”
                              ↓

He told her that it….. hers.”

Example(yours):

He said to them, “It is yours.”

He said to them, “It isyours.”

                                   ↓

He told them that it….. theirs.”

Possessive Plural Third Person

(hers, theirs, its, names)

We cannot change third person in which form they are.

Example(hers):

He said to them, “It is hers.”
He said to them, “It is hers.”
                                ↓

He told them that it…. hers.”

Example(theirs):

He said to them, “It is theirs.”
He said to them, “It is theirs.”
                                  ↓

He told them that it…. theirs.”

Example(its):

He said to them, “It is its.”
He said to them, “It is its.”
                                ↓

He told them that it…. its.”

Example(name):

He said to them, “It is Ali’s.”
He said to them, “It is Ali’s.”
                                ↓

He told them that it… Ali’s.”

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Direct and Indirect Speech

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