Present Perfect Tense | How to Learn with Formulas Examples

Present Perfect Tense with definition, formulas, rules, exercise, structures, examples of negative, interrogative, and interronegative. Read Present Perfect Tense: How to Learn with Formulas Examples completely to learn perfectlt.

Present Perfect Tense: How to Learn with Formulas Examples

STEP – I

Present =the period of time now occurring/happening

Perfect = complete

Tense =  time/verb

Present Perfect Tense =completed action in present time

STEP – II

Definition of Present Perfect Tense:

In this tense anything is done, happened, or borne in present complete aspects. Moreover, any work which was started in past and now it has completed now in present.

STEP – III

Recognition in English:

S +has/have+ 3rd form of Verb + O

They have done their duty.

First of all, the subject is placed at the start of the sentence then 3rd form of the verb, and the object at the end with a full stop.

Examples:

* 3V=3rd form of the verb
 has=He, She, It or singular name
 have=I, We, They, You or plural name

S    + has/have+ 3V  +        O

Shas/have3VO
Wehave playedcricket

We have played cricket. 

Shas/have3VO
Youhavedrivencar

You have driven a car.

STEP – IV

Negative Sentence:

To make a sentence negative, place “ not” right after has or have. Let us formulate it.
S +  has /have not +3V  + O

Shas/havenot3VO
Hehasnotgoneschool

He has not gone to school.

Shas/havenot3VO
Theyhavenotdonehomework.

They have not done homework.

STEP -V

Interrogative Sentence:

To make a sentence interrogative, place “has” or “have” right before the subject or at the start of the sentence. Let us formulate it.

Has / Have  + S  + 3V  + O + ?

Has/haveS3VO?
HasAligoneschool?

Has Ali gone to school?

Has/haveS3VO?
Havetheydoneschool work?

Have they done school work?

STEP -VI

 Interro-Negative Sentence:


To make a sentence interro-negative, add “has“ or “ have” right before the subject of a negative sentence and put the sign of interrogation at the end. Let us formulate it.

S +has/have  +3V  + O (Simple)

S +has /have not +3V  + O (-ve)

Now Interronegative Sentence
Has /Have + S + not +3V  + O? 

Has/haveSnot3VO?
HaveAsif and Alinotgoneschool?

Have Asif and Ali not gone to school?

Has/haveSnot3VO?
Haveyounotdonehomework?

Have you not done homework?

You may also learn:

Past Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Future Perfect Tense

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.