Present Indefinite Tense | How to Learn with Formulas Examples

Present Indefinite Tense with definition, example, formula, examples with negative, interrogative, and interro-negative sentences. Read Present Indefinite Tense: How to Learn with Formulas Examples fully to learn completely.

Present Indefinite Tense: How to Learn with Formulas Examples



Present means the happening of action in recent times.


It means any action that is not definite or perfect.


Tense refers to the time at which any action happens.

Definition of Present Indefinite Tense

In this tense anything is done, happened, or borne in present or recent times.


Recognition of Present Indefinite Tense in English

The formula of present indefinite tense:

S + 1st form of Verb + O

Basic Contents in Tenses

There are three basic contents in tenses formulas; subject, verb, and object. In the present indefinite tense, we can recognize it with the help of the form of the verb which must be 1st. The first form is also known as the ‘Present Form’.

For example;

Go, acts, become, knows, etc.


Any person who does any action in a sentence is called a subject.


At which the action is done.


It is a time at which an action is taken place.

So, to recognize and learn present indefinite tense, it is very important to learn all forms of the verbs. Without them, you will not be able to be the tense expert.

The one who works in any sentence is called the subject. And the time in which the work is done is called the verb while the work on which it is done is called the object.

They do their duty.

The word ‘they’ is doing work (duty), is subject. And ‘do’ represents time (present time), therefore it is a verb. In the end, work is done on ‘duty’, so it is the object.

First of all, the subject is placed at the start of the sentence then the first form of verb and object at the end with a full stop.


* 1v=1st form of the verb

 S 1V O
He eats bread
 Weeat food
 S 1V O

Note: In this tense, we will add “s”  or  “es” at the end of the verb if the subject is He, She, It, or a single name. You can see this in the above examples.



We play cricket. 

Youdrivea car.

You drive a car.


Negative Sentence of Present Indefinite Tense

To make a sentence negative,  ‘not’ is added immediately after the helping verb.

Present Indefinite Tense Helping Verb

In general/positive sentences of present indefinite tense, no helping verb lies in the sentence. But we use two helping verbs (do, does) to make a sentence negative, interrogative, and interro-negative.

How to Make a Negative Sentence?

To make a sentence negative, add “do not” or “does not” right after the subject. Let us formulate it.

S +  do /does not +1V  + O

Negative Sentences when Subject is 3rd Person Singular

If the subject of a sentence is third-person singular or a single name, add ‘does not’ very after the subject. Secondly, remove ‘s’ or ‘es’ from the verb.

Which Subjective is 3rd Persons Singular?

3rd person singular  = He, She, It or a single name

Examples of Making Negative Sentences

Sdo/does not1VO
Hedoes notgoschool

He does not go to school.
He does not go to school.

Sdo/does not1VO
Hedoes notdohomework

They do not do the homework.


Interrogative Sentence of Present Indefinite

To make a sentence interrogative, add “do” or “does ” right before the subject. We will add a ‘question mark’ at the end of the sentence instead of the full stop. Let us formulate it.

Do / Does  + S  + 1V  + O + ?

If the subject of a sentence is 3rd person singular or a single name, add ‘do/ does’ at the start of the sentence.

The rule for Do or Does

When we make a sentence interrogative, we add do/does at the start. After this change, simplify the first form of the verb by removing ‘s’ or ‘es’.

Goes ⇒ Go


Does he go to school?


Do they do homework?


Interro-Negative Sentence of Present Indefinite

To make a sentence interro-negative, add “do “ or “does ” right before the subject of a negative sentence and put the sign of interrogation at the end. Let us formulate it.

First, make it a simple sentence:


Now make it negative


Now Interronegative Sentence



 Do/Does S not 1V O?

Does he not go to school?

 Do/Does S not 1V O?

Do they not do homework?

Let us have some questions with answers for the sake of exercise.

FAQs for Present Indefinite Tense

What is simple present tense?

The simple present tense is also known as present indefinite tense. Both are the same. So, simple present tense refers to the present or recent times.

What are rules for simple present tense?/Simple Present Tense Rules

There are multiple rules for simple present tense. Firstly, the present tense is used for an action that happens recently. Secondly, the first form of the verb is used. Thirdly, ‘s’ or ‘es’ are added with the first form of the verb when the subject is third-person singular.

Present Indefinite Tense Examples

In the present indefinite tense, the first form of the verb is used after the subject. No helping verb is used in positive or affirmative sentences.
He plays cricket all day long.
They love studying.
You told a lie about the usage of mobile.

What is present indefinite?

It is a tense where an action is taken place in recent times or right now.

What are 5 examples of present tense?

I open the door whenever it knocks.
They like to help the poor people who need help.
You do what I want.
He walks daily for about thirty minutes.
We apologize for our deed.

What are the 4 types of present tense?

Present Indefinite.
Present Continuous.
Present Perfect.
Present Perfect Continuous.

What is present indefinite tense Wikipedia?

The simple present, present simple or present indefinite is having verb forms linked with the present tense in English of the modern era. It is generally stated as a tense and contains information about any aspect in addition to the present or recent time.

How many types of presents are there?

There are four types of the present tense present in English grammar, Four types: indefinite, continuous, perfect, and perfect continuous.

How do you write in present tense?

You can write present tense by using the first form of the verb or root form. If your subject is third-person singular, use ‘s’ or ‘es’ right after the first form of the verb as:
He turns the page of his notebook.
She goes for a night walk daily.
On the other hand, if the subject is other than third-person singular, use the root or first form as it is without ‘s’ or ‘es’.
They work together to get the required information.
We play cricket under light daily.

You should also learn

Past Indefinite Tense

Future Indefinite Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Future Continuous Tense

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