Present Continuous Tense | How to Learn with Formulas Examples

Present Continuous Tense with definition, formulas, rules, exercise, structures, examples of negative, interrogative, and interro-negative. Read Present Continuous Tense: How to Learn with Formulas Examples completely to learn perfectly.

Present Continuous Tense: How to Learn with Formulas Examples


Present = the period of time now occurring/happening
Continuous= forming an unbroken/unstopped action
Tense =  time/verb

Present Continuous Tense =an unstopped or unbroken action is happening in recent


Definition of Present Continuous Tense:

In this tense anything is done, happened, or borne in the present time in Continuing aspects. 

They are doing their duty.


Recognition of Present Continuous Tense in English:

S + is/are/am +1V + ing+ O

First of all, the subject is placed at the start of the sentence then is/are/am and the first form of verb plus ing and object at the end with a full stop.


* 1V=1st form of verb

* 1V + ing = 4th form of verb

If subjects are “He, She, It”  or “single name” then we shall use “is” after the above-mentioned subjects, if the subjects is “I”, we shall use “am” and “are” will be used if the subjects are You, We, They or plural names.

He, She, It, single name = use ‘is’ as helping verb after one of these subjects

I= use ‘am’

They, You, we, plural name= use ‘we’ after on of these subjects

 He,She,It or single name= is

 I = am

They, We, You, or plural name= are                         


 S  is/are/am   1V-ing   O
 We are play+ing cricket

We are playing cricket.

 S  is/are/am 1V+ing    O
 You   are   drive+ing   a car

You are driving a car.

 S  is/are/am 1V-ing    O
 We   are eat+ing food

We are eating food.

 S  is/are/am 1V-ing    O
Moosa    is   eat+ing    bread

Moosa is eating bread.

 S  is/are/am 1V-ing    O
Air and Asif   are  go+ing  walk

Aamir and Asif are going for a walk.

 S  is/are/am 1V-ing    O
They   are   write+ing   new topic

They are writing the new topics.

           STEP – IV                                                               

Negative Sentence of Present Continuous Tense:

Helping Verbs= is, are, am

To make a sentence negative, add “not” right after the helping verb. Let us formulate it.

S +  is/are/am not +1V+ ing  + O

 S  is/are/am not 1V+ ing O
 He   is  not go+ing school

He is not going school.

  S   is/are/am  not 1V+ ing O
 They are not    do+ing homework

They are not doing homework.


Interrogative Sentence of Present Continuous Tense:

To make a sentence interrogative, place “is/are/am” right before the subject. Let us formulate it.

Is /Are/Am + S  + 1V+ ing  + O + ?

Is /Are/Am  S  1V+ ingO?
Is   he  go+ing   school?

Is he going to school?

Is /Are/Am  S  1V+ ing    O?
Are  they do+ing   homework ?

Are they doing homework?


Interro-Negative Sentence of Present Continuous Tense:

To make a sentence interro-negative, place “ helping verb (is/are/am)” right before the subject of a negative sentence and put the sign of interrogation at the end. Let us formulate it.

S  + Is /Are/Am + 1V+ ing + O + ? (Simple)

S  + Is /Are/Am +not + 1V+ ing + O + ? (-ve)

Now Interronegative Sentence

Is /Are/Am + S + not + 1V+ ing  + O + ?

 Is /Are/Am S not  1V+ ing O?
 Is  he   not   go+ing school?

Is he not going to school?

 Is /Are/Am  S not  1V+ ing O?
 Are    they  not    do+ing homework?

Are they not doing homework?

You may also learn:

Past Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Future Perfect Tense

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